hypocrisy 英 [hɪˈpɒkrəsi] 美 [hɪˈpɑːkrəsi]

考研 TEM8

外刊用例

  • He accuses outsiders of hypocrisy—did rich countries not fell their own forests?—and, sometimes, of using environmental dogma as a pretext to keep Brazil poor.
    他指斥外人虚伪——富国就不砍伐森林了吗?有时他也指责他们用环境教条作借口让巴西陷于穷困。
    ——《经济学人》
  • Hypocrisy is the tribute vice pays to virtue.
    虚伪是恶毒向美德的致敬。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[noun] behaviour in which sb pretends to have moral standards or opinions that they do not actually have
[名词] 假装具有实际上并没有的道德标准或观点的行为

深入解读

Hypocrisy 一词源自希腊语 hypokrisis (在舞台上表演、假装),现主要用于形容一个实际上不道德、不诚实或者不信教的人假装善良、真诚或者虔诚的行为,也就是“伪善、虚伪”,比如看清某人在人权问题上的彻底虚伪( somebody’s sheer hypocrisy about human rights)。

对于这种伪善的人,英语中直接用单词 hypocrite 表示“伪君子、伪善者、虚伪的人”,比如:

  • 你这个道貌岸然的伪君子!
    You sanctimonious little hypocrite!

权威用例

美国政客的言论彻底暴露了其在人权问题上奉行双重标准、以人权维护霸权的虚伪面目。
The remarks of US politicians have completely exposed their hypocrisy of adopting double standards on human rights issues and using them to maintain .

出自《2019年美国侵犯人权报告》(The Record of Human Rights Violations in the United States in 2019)。

同近义词

  • sanctimony: the action or practice of acting as if one were morally superior to other people
  • cant: hypocritical and sanctimonious talk, typically of a moral, religious, or political nature
  • pretence: an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true
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